Laser Cataract Surgery is a recent innovation in the world of cataract surgery.
The most common kind of surgery is definitely Phacoemultification, that consists of sucking the cataract out via ultrasounds.
In order to remove the cataract, a special tool is used: a femtosecond laser.
Whichever the method, today cataract surgery is considered to be mini-invasive.
The whole surgery ends with no suture at all and the surgical wound is of about 2-3mm.
After the surgery, sight recovery is usually pretty quick (1 to 2 days).
Femtosecond laser is used for specific phases of the surgery. Cataract laser is often used together with ultrasounds to remove the lens. Laser cataract surgery can make surgery easier in specific circumstances but it cannot be used when the cataract is in an advanced state or when the cornea becomes opaque and seems to extend the duration of the process.
Phacoemulsification surgery is considered today to be the gold standard of cataract surgery; further developments on lasers for cataract treatment will most likely spread this methodology.
To this day, more than 90% of cataract surgery are performed via phacoemulsification. Laser is also used in case of secondary cataract: the only difference being that in this case, yag laser is required.
After the cataract surgery, laser can be used to mold customizable or high tech intraocular lenses. In this scenario, laser light molds the intraocular lens to meet the visual needs of the patient and correct residual sight flaws.