Cornea transplant: what it consists of and what’s new

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Cornea transplant today is no longer as invasive as it used to be, in most cases it is a selective cornea transplant where the entire cornea is no longer replaced but only the diseased part of the cornea, leaving the patient’s healthy part of the cornea with recovery times. extremely fast recovery. The news on cornea transplant for keratoconus and on cornea transplant for cornea guttata in a video interview with Doctor Badalà who introduced the latest innovations on cornea transplant in Italy. The cornea is the transparent part of the eye, the one in front of the pupil and in front of the iris. There are many diseases that can ruin the cornea; the most common are Keratoconus and Fuchs’ Dystrophy or Cornea Guttata. In these diseases the cornea is progressively damaged.

Cornea transplant for Keratoconus

In keratoconus what happens is that the cornea thins and comes out slowly and progressively, the vision consequently becomes more and more distorted and the images increasingly blurry, when the vision is no longer sufficient, then it is necessary to proceed with the transplant operation of cornea. Today the cornea transplant for keratoconus is no longer the operation it was a few years ago, the entire cornea is no longer replaced, so to speak, a conventional cornea transplant is not performed but a selective cornea transplant is performed. In Keratoconus the innermost layer of the cornea is healthy and is left, the outermost layer is replaced, a transplant is then done which is called DALK (Deep Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty).

Cornea transplant for Guttata Cornea

DMEK minimally invasive transplant In Fuchs’ dystrophy or guttate cornea what is damaged is the innermost layer of the cornea, called the endothelium. The cornea swells, becomes thicker and thicker and the vision becomes increasingly blurred. In this case, 1% of the cornea (the endothelium) is simply replaced. It is the endothelial cells that are diseased and only the endothelial cells are replaced, so the cornea remains what it is, no stitches are placed, a cornea transplant is done without stitches where you have the possibility of seeing well again just one month after the operation. This type of corneal transplant is called DMEK (Descemet Membrane Endothelial Keratoplasty). Today is the time of hope for our patients. Those who suffer from corneal diseases today have a whole series of possibilities that didn’t exist a few years ago, which allow them to have very satisfactory results in a relatively short time. Only a cutting-edge center, a center where all the different types of corneal transplants are performed, will be able to advise you on the most suitable corneal transplant in your specific case. We invite you to visit the section on corneal surgery for further information on the case and the Testimonials section to encourage you with the experiences of patients operated on with the most innovative solutions for corneal diseases.