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Marco Scola, MilanVotazione: EccellenteProblem: Astigmatism, Cataract, MyopiaSolution: Cataract surgery, Astigmatic keratotomyFrom fear to joy! I was diagnosed with cataract, but my greatest wish was to correct also my high myopia ... Read
Enrico Nicotra, CataniaVotazione: EccellenteProblem: Astigmatism, Cataract, MyopiaSolution: Cataract surgery, Astigmatic keratotomyIt was a happy experience of my life, even if, through some difficulties! Excellent assistance during surgery and only minimal ... Read
Chiara Rizza, MilanoVotazione: EccellenteProblem: Astigmatism, MyopiaSolution: PRKTired of glasses and contact lenses, I met Dr. Badalà, who, after an accurate exam, suggested laser treatment to correct ... Read
Serenella Sanna, Medio Campidano (Serrenti)Votazione: EccellenteProblem: Cornea guttata, Fuchs Endothelial Distrophy, Corneal edemaSolution: DMEK Corneal Endothelium TransplantIn 2005, after a number of visits and exams, I was diagnosed with Cornea Guttata Corneal Dystrophy and, all doctors ... Read
Leonardo Castiglione, TrapaniVotazione: EccellenteProblem: KeratoconusSolution: DALK anterior lamellar corneal transplantI turned to Dr. Badala because I saw blurry and split images and he diagnosed me with keratoconus. A few ... Read
Tiziana Giannini, CatanzaroVotazione: EccellenteProblem: GlaucomaSolution: SLT Laser, Selective Laser TrabeculoplastyI am 54 years old, for the past 20 years I have used eye drops to treat glaucoma. Three months ... Read
Giuseppe Grasso, CataniaVotazione: EccellenteProblem: Macular Hole, Macular degeneration, Macular Pucker, Retinopathy, MaculopathySolution: VitrectomyAfter having consulted several doctors, last year I turned to Dr. Badalà because I felt a discomfort to the eye. ... Read
Martha Sanchez, BoliviaVotazione: EccellenteProblem: Macular degenerationSolution: Cataract Surgery with IOL AMDI underwent surgery in both eyes with IOL AMD in September-October 2015. The operation was excellent and I felt no ... Read
Antonella Scroppo, CataniaVotazione: EccellenteProblem: Astigmatism, Cataract, Hypermetropia, PresbyopiaSolution: Cataract surgery with Multifocal IOL implantI underwent Cataract surgery with Multifocal IOL around two months ago. I was hoping to regain the clear vision that ... Read
The retina is the inner layer of the eye, composed of nervous cells; just like the camera film, it collects images and transform them into nervous signals that are then transmitted to the brain via the optic nerve.
Retina alteration are spotted very well with the exam of the bottom of the eye.
The retina is the only tissue where arteries and veins can be examined directly and their conditions give precious informations on the patient’s health condition. If there are lesions on the retinal vessels, it is probable that there will be similar ones in other arterial or venous districts.
Retinopathies can involve macula or peripheral retinal areas.
The medical case varies depending on the area that has been affected; if the lesion is on the macula, there is a distortion of straight lines, central vision acuity loss and alterations in color perceptions.
If that affects other retinal areas (non macular lesions), there can be alterations in a portions of the field of vision (scotoma) or, in cases where huge parts of the retina are affected, complete blindness (amaurosis).
The main retinopathies caused by alterations of retinal circulation are listed below. They can happen in the middle of general diseases.
Diabetic retinopathy is a pretty common form of retinopathy since it is frequent to see retinal lesions in diabetic patients. Today, thanks to ultimely therapy and risk factors control, it is possible to keep under control the development of the retinal damage. Diabetic retinopathy can be considered to have a vascular nature. Eye diabetes determines alterations of the wall of the retinal vessels, with consequent irreversible damages (retinal vessels dilate, break, and so several exudated and hemorrages appear).
Symptoms can vary from light vision discomforts to a complete vision deterioration. During the initial phase, there can be a light vision reduction, or foggy vision, and the appearance of spots in the field of vision.
Over time, a serious proliferative form can take place: this can cause retinal detachment and blindness.
All people affected by diabetes should undergo an ophthalmologic exam every year, in order to achieve an early diagnosis and being able to treat injuries immediately.
Therapy relies onto laser photocoagulation and can prevent or slow down loss of vision. Other therapies, recently discovered, are available for more serious cases. It is always best to ask for help to specialized retinopathy centers, in order to keep this disease under control. dr. Badalà periodically organizes retinopathy screenings in Milan and Catania.
Retinal detachment consists in the retina lifting up from the underlying layer, followed by a nutritional and functional deficit. It can be primary, that is linked to alterations of the retina’s anatomical structure, or secondary of other pathologies (like diabetic retinopathy’s complications; after eye trauma, underlying masses, inflammatory processes, or linked to high degree myopia, that changes the globe and ocular bottom’s size).
The consequence of retinal detachment is a more or less serious vision reduction.
Often it is announced by the subjective appeareance of mobile formations in the field of vision: these formations are mostly dot shaped, of several sizes, dark grey or black (myodesopsia). There can also be light flashes (phosphene). At this stage there is still no real detachment, so laser photocoagulation can still block the, not only achieving lesion’s healing, but also a good functional recovery.
When the retina lifts up completely from the underlying layer, there is an area of complete blindness, or a sector of the field of vision (scotoma).
Another common symptom is the perception of deformed images (metamorphopsia), caused by the irregularity of the lifted retinal surface. If there is already a complete detachment, the only available therapy is surgery, with the scleral buckle process, or vitrectomy that Dr. Badalà performs in Milan and Catania.
Vitrectomy is usually limited to older patients , while scleral buckle is more suitable for younger patients.
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