Coronavirus: Fear, Science, Hope

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Here is useful information to prevent contagion and understand the real risks linked to Coronavirus, cause of Covid19. Where fear dominates, may the latest scientific data bring awareness and hope . The virus will probably continue to circulate in Italy and Europe at least until the arrival of the summer, when respiratory diseases become much rarer. It is therefore necessary to equip ourselves to live with it as best we can, starting from adequate information.

Main symptoms and consequences

The virus manifests itself with symptoms similar to a cold and in some cases can also produce conjunctivitis. The majority of infected individuals show mild symptoms or may even be asymptomatic (around 80%). In a small percentage of cases pneumonia occurs. This is the main difference with the much more widespread influenza virus, which causes similar symptoms but very rarely produces pneumonia. Coronavirus pneumonia can be a serious complication, especially in elderly people and with other diseases such as diabetes, renal failure, in cancer patients or with heart failure. To treat these patients, hospitalization in intensive care may be necessary, given the rapidly increasing numbers growth of contagion in Italy, the fear is of not having enough intensive care beds. 

#I stay at home

This is the main contribution that each of us can make to this national health emergency. Limiting the possibility of contagion as much as possible is crucial because there are not adequate resources to treat everyone if the contagion continues. We are available for urgent consultations, via telephone, chat and through our Facebook channel. 

How to reduce the risk of Coronavirus infection

The virus is transmitted through the air, so contact with droplets of saliva from an infected person can transmit the disease. Promiscuity with infected people increases the risk of getting sick. Touching a surface where particles of a sick person’s saliva are deposited and then touching your mouth, nose or eyes increases the risk of contracting the virus. Here are some practical tips useful to everyone:

Wash your hands often

covered sneeze and thorough hand washing to avoid spreading the Coronavirus Washing your hands frequently with soap and water or with alcohol-based gel kills the virus that may have come into contact with your hands by touching infected surfaces or infected people.

Keep those who are ill at a distance

Maintain at least one meter distance from anyone who coughs, sneezes or shows typical cold symptoms. In fact, anyone who coughs or sneezes spreads droplets of saliva which can contain the COVID 19 virus if the person is infected.

Do not touch your eyes, nose and mouth

Avoid introducing Coronavirus into your body by touching your eyes, nose and mouth The hands touch different surfaces and can therefore pick up the virus, once contaminated the hands can transfer the virus to the mouth, nose and eyes, from here the virus penetrates the body and we get sick. The entry point of the virus is the mucous membranes of the mouth, nose and eyes. It is therefore necessary to pay particular attention even when applying eye make-up or putting on and removing contact lenses, always maintaining an excellent level of hand hygiene before, during and after these operations.

Follow good hygiene rules

When you sneeze it would be advisable to cover your nose and mouth with your bent elbow or with a paper tissue which is then immediately disposed of. The droplets of saliva that are released when you sneeze can contain viruses and in this way the risks of contagion are minimized.

You don’t need to use a mask

The mask can only be useful if you are in close proximity Is it necessary to wear a mask due to Coronavirus? of people with cold-like symptoms , who you are caring for or who are coughing and sneezing. Otherwise it is useless and in any case it is essential to associate it with correct hand hygiene, otherwise the purpose will not be achieved.

Expected spread of Coronavirus

The COVID 19 Virus is destined to remain around for several weeks and unfortunately to spread, given that patients are often asymptomatic. Changing your lifestyle risks being dangerous, rather it would be appropriate for good hygiene standards to become daily practice , which, if observed by everyone, would greatly reduce the risk of spreading the virus. This information and further information is available on the World Health Organization (WHO) website https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019

Hope comes from the USA 

Here’s the thing antiviral maco developed by the American company Gilead Sciences as a treatment for the Ebola virus which has proven effective against coronaviruses, including the viruses that cause MERS and SARS. The new drug it has proven effective in the treatment of some patients affected by COVID 19, such as those treated at Spallanzani in Rome or  in Snohomish County, Washington. A phase 3 study is underway in China on 800 patients to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the treatment on a large scale. For further information, consult the specific Gilead website https://www.gilead.com/purpose/advancing-global-health/covid-19 While waiting for this and other treatments to be validated, we renew the #IoRestoACasa appeal to protect health of everyone and the weakest. For those interested in learning more about the involvement of the eyes with Coronavirus or learning more about other treatments and interventions on the eyes, we can also be reached via Chat.

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Dott. Federico Badalà - Microchirugia Oculare

Doctor Federico Badalà

Eye Specialist Expert in Micro Ocular Surgery

From USA he brought to Italy Innovative Eye Surgery in the field of Cornea, Cataract, Glaucoma and Maculopathy.